FAO (TIRPAA): Traité international sur les ressources phytogénétiques pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture.
Abstract of the project:
Biodiversity challenge: Biodiversity is often treated like a global public good—free to exploit without reciprocal obligations to conserve. Local biodiversity stewards often go unnoticed; their contributions overlooked as positive externalities. This neglect contributes to biodiversity’s erosion. Meanwhile, countries’ interdependence on genetic diversity is increasing due to climate change, population pressure and globalisation. The Nagoya Protocol (NP) and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources/Plant Treaty (ITPGRFA) create access and benefit-sharing (ABS) norms to address these situations, to ensure the politico-legal recognition of biodiversity stewards and their rights to benefit from others’ use of their biological resources/traditional knowledge, compensate their conservation efforts, and increase their asset base through access to resources and know-how. The NP and the ITPGRFA commit countries to different ABS systems: one, bilateral; the other, multilateral. Uncertainty about how to implement them together contributes to low levels of implementation of both. Lead implementing agencies are usually from different sectors (environment for NP; agriculture for ITPGRFA). Many countries, including Madagascar and Benin, report low levels of coordination concerning ABS policy development.
Madagascar and Benin have ratified the ITPGRFA and NP. Neither country has mechanisms to implement either agreement separately, much less in a mutually supportive manner.
Poverty alleviation challenge: Local communities’ capacity to exploit these agreements is low in both countries. Consequently, the agreements’ contributions to poverty-alleviation, benefit-sharing, conservation and sustainable use are sub-optimal.
How problems were identified: A workshop was co-organised in June 2014 by Bioversity, the ABS Initiative, and the CBD and ITPGRFA Secretariats, entitled ‘The International Treaty and the Nagoya Protocol – a tandem workshop for National Focal Points’. All other project partners in this proposal also attended. The workshop recommended follow-up work, in a few countries, to pilot coordinated implementation, building on lessons learned and the tools being developed. This proposal is designed to support those activities.